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Cancer Cell. 2010 May 18;17(5):481-96. doi: 10.1016/j.ccr.2010.03.021.

TAK1 suppresses a NEMO-dependent but NF-kappaB-independent pathway to liver cancer.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine III, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, D-52074 Aachen, Germany.

Abstract

The MAP3-kinase TGF-beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) critically modulates innate and adaptive immune responses and connects cytokine stimulation with activation of inflammatory signaling pathways. Here, we report that conditional ablation of TAK1 in liver parenchymal cells (hepatocytes and cholangiocytes) causes hepatocyte dysplasia and early-onset hepatocarcinogenesis, coinciding with biliary ductopenia and cholestasis. TAK1-mediated cancer suppression is exerted through activating NF-kappaB in response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and through preventing Caspase-3-dependent hepatocyte and cholangiocyte apoptosis. Moreover, TAK1 suppresses a procarcinogenic and pronecrotic pathway, which depends on NF-kappaB-independent functions of the I kappaB-kinase (IKK)-subunit NF-kappaB essential modulator (NEMO). Therefore, TAK1 serves as a gatekeeper for a protumorigenic, NF-kappaB-independent function of NEMO in parenchymal liver cells.

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PMID:
20478530
DOI:
10.1016/j.ccr.2010.03.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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