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Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2010 Jun;39(2):343-57, x. doi: 10.1016/j.gtc.2010.02.012.

Acute acalculous cholecystitis.

Author information

1
Division of Critical Care and Trauma, Department of Surgery, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 0065, USA. pbarie@med.cornell.edu

Abstract

Acute acalculous cholecystitis (ACC) can develop with or without gallstones after surgery and in critically ill or injured patients. Diabetes mellitus, malignant disease, abdominal vasculitis, congestive heart failure, cholesterol embolization, shock, and cardiac arrest also have been associated with AAC. The pathogenesis of AAC is complex and multifactorial. Ultrasound of the gallbladder is most accurate for the diagnosis of AAC in the critically ill patient. CT is probably of comparable accuracy, but carries both advantages and disadvantages. Rapid improvement may be expected when AAC is diagnosed correctly and cholecystostomy is performed timely.

PMID:
20478490
DOI:
10.1016/j.gtc.2010.02.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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