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Prog Brain Res. 2010;181:209-32. doi: 10.1016/S0079-6123(08)81012-6.

The multiple roles of estrogens and the enzyme aromatase.

Author information

1
Florey Neuroscience Institutes, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Centre of Neuroscience, Melbourne University, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. wah.chin.boon@florey.edu.au <wah.chin.boon@florey.edu.au>

Abstract

Aromatase is the enzyme that catalyzes the last step of estrogen biosynthesis. It is expressed in many tissues such as the gonads, brain and adipose tissue. The regulation of the level and activity of aromatase determines the levels of estrogens that have endocrine, paracrine and autocrine effects on tissues. Estrogens play many roles in the body, regulating reproduction, metabolism and behavior. In the brain, cell survival and the activity of neurons are affected by estrogens and hence aromatase.

PMID:
20478440
DOI:
10.1016/S0079-6123(08)81012-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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