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Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2010 Jul;34(7):1171-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2010.01194.x. Epub 2010 May 12.

Up-regulation and functional effect of cardiac β3-adrenoreceptors in alcoholic monkeys.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine-Cardiology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recent studies link altered cardiac beta-adrenergic receptor (AR) signaling to the pathology of alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM). However, the alteration and functional effect of beta(3)-AR activation in ACM are unknown. We tested the hypothesis that chronic alcohol intake causes an up-regulation of cardiac beta(3)-AR, which exacerbates myocyte dysfunction and impairs calcium regulation, thereby directly contributing to the progression of ACM.

METHODS:

We compared myocyte beta(3)- and beta(1)-AR expression and myocyte contractile ([Ca(2+)](i)), transient ([Ca(2+)](iT)), and Ca(2+) current (I(Ca,L)) responses to beta- and beta(3)-AR stimulation in myocytes obtained from left ventricle (LV) tissue samples obtained from 10 normal control (C) and 16 monkeys with self-administered alcohol for 12 months prior to necropsy: 6 moderate (M) and 10 heavy (H) drinkers with group average alcohol intakes of 1.5 +/- 0.2 and 3.3 +/- 0.2 g/kg/d, respectively.

RESULTS:

Compared with control myocytes (C), in alcoholic cardiomyocytes, basal cell contraction (dL/dt(max), -39%, H: 69.8 vs. C: 114.6 microm/s), relaxation (dR/dt(max), -37%, 58.2 vs. 92.9 microm/s), [Ca(2+)](iT) (-34%, 0.23 vs. 0.35), and I(Ca,L) (-25%, 4.8 vs. 6.4pA/pF) were all significantly reduced. Compared with controls, in moderate and heavy drinkers, beta(1)-AR protein levels decreased by 23% and 42%, but beta(3)-AR protein increased by 46% and 85%, respectively. These changes were associated with altered myocyte functional responses to beta-AR agonist, isoproterenol (ISO), and beta(3)-AR agonist, BRL-37344 (BRL). Compared with controls, in alcoholic myocytes, ISO (10(-8) M) produced significantly smaller increases in dL/dt(max) (H: 40% vs. C: 71%), dR/dt(max) (37% vs. 52%), [Ca(2+)](iT) (17% vs. 37%), and I(Ca,L) (17% vs. 27%), but BRL (10(-8) M) produced a significantly greater decrease in dL/dt(max) (H: -23% vs. C: -11%), [Ca(2+)](iT) (-30% vs. -11%), and I(Ca,L) (-28% vs. -17%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Chronic alcohol consumption down-regulates cardiac beta(1)- and up-regulates beta(3)-ARs, contributing to the abnormal response to catecholamines in ACM. The up-regulation of cardiac beta(3)-AR signaling enhances inhibition of LV myocyte contraction and relaxation and exacerbates the dysfunctional [Ca(2+)](i) regulation and, thus, may precede the development of ACM.

PMID:
20477780
PMCID:
PMC3142678
DOI:
10.1111/j.1530-0277.2010.01194.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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