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Langmuir. 2010 Jul 6;26(13):11589-96. doi: 10.1021/la1009237.

Effect of conductivity variations within the electric double layer on the streaming potential estimation in narrow fluidic confinements.

Author information

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Kharagpur-721302, India.

Abstract

In this article, we investigate the implications of ionic conductivity variations within the electrical double layer (EDL) on the streaming potential estimation in pressure-driven fluidic transport through narrow confinements. Unlike the traditional considerations, we do not affix the ionic conductivities apriori by employing preset values of dimensionless parameters (such as the Dukhin number) to estimate the streaming potential. Rather, utilizing the Gouy-Chapman-Grahame model for estimating the electric potential and charge density distribution within the Stern layer, we first quantify the Stern layer electrical conductivity as a function of the zeta potential and other pertinent parameters quantifying the interaction of the ionic species with the charged surface. Next, by invoking the Boltzmann model for cationic and anionic distribution within the diffuse layer, we obtain the diffuse layer electrical conductivity. On the basis of these two different conductivities pertaining to the two different portions of the EDL as well as the bulk conductivity, we define two separate Dukhin numbers that turn out to be functions of the dimensionless zeta potential and the channel height to Debye length ratio. We derive analytical expressions for the streaming potential as a function of the fundamental governing parameters, considering the above. The results reveal interesting and significant deviations between the streaming potential predictions from the present considerations against the corresponding predictions from the classical considerations in which electrochemically consistent estimates of variable EDL conductivity are not traditionally accounted for. In particular, it is revealed that the variations of streaming potential with zeta potential are primarily determined by the competing effects of EDL electromigration and ionic advection. Over low and high zeta potential regimes, the Stern layer and diffuse layer conductivities predominantly dictate the streaming potential variations whereas ionic advection governs the streaming potential characteristics over intermediate zeta potential regimes. It is also inferred that traditional considerations may grossly overpredict the magnitude of streaming potential for narrow confinements in which significant conductivity gradients may prevail across the EDL.

PMID:
20476752
DOI:
10.1021/la1009237
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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