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Adv Mater. 2010 Jul 6;22(25):2729-42. doi: 10.1002/adma.201000260.

Synthesis, functionalization, and biomedical applications of multifunctional magnetic nanoparticles.

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Department of Advanced Materials and NanotechnologyPeking University, Beijing, People's Republic of China.


Synthesis of multifunctional magnetic nanoparticles (MFMNPs) is one of the most active research areas in advanced materials. MFMNPs that have magnetic properties and other functionalities have been demonstrated to show great promise as multimodality imaging probes. Their multifunctional surfaces also allow rational conjugations of biological and drug molecules,making it possible to achieve target-specific diagnostics and therapeutics.This review fi rst outlines the synthesis of MNPs of metal oxides and alloy sand then focuses on recent developments in the fabrication of MFMNPs of core/shell, dumbbell, and composite hybrid type. It also summarizes the general strategies applied for NP surface functionalization. The review further highlights some exciting examples of these MFMNPs for multimodality imaging and for target-specific drug/gene delivery applications.

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