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Minerva Anestesiol. 2010 Jun;76(6):405-12. Epub 2010 Apr 12.

Effects of hemoperfusion with an immobilized polymyxin-B fiber column on cytokine plasma levels in patients with abdominal sepsis.

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1
Intensive Care Unit of Emergency Department, Careggi Teaching Hospital and University of Florence, Florence, Italy. giovanni.zagli@unifi.it

Abstract

AIM:

The beneficial role of hemofiltration with immobilized polymyxin-B fiber (PMX) columns in sepsis, especially sepsis due to gram-negative bacteria, has previously been emphasized. Although the efficacy of PMX-B fiber-mediated hemofiltration in reducing plasma levels of cytokines has been reported, other studies did not confirm this observation. Here we report the effects of PMX-B fiber-mediated hemofiltration on outcome and cytokine plasma levels in patients with abdominal sepsis.

METHODS:

Twelve consecutive patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (October 2006-December 2007) for severe sepsis/septic shock from abdominal infection were treated with standard therapy and 2 cycles of hemofiltration with PMX cartridges. Clinical data and plasma levels of IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-a were measured 24 hours before and after PMX treatment.

RESULTS:

Plasma concentrations (pg/mL) of IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-a were significantly lower after hemofiltration with a PMX fiber column (279.9+/-69.2 vs. 130.9+/-18.4, 166.4+/-36.7 vs. 45.5+/-12.2, 83.1+/-13.5 vs. 23.9+/-5.1 pg/mL, respectively; P<0.05). After treatment, patients required lower doses of norepinephrine (0.3+/-0.1 vs. 0.8+/-0.1 mg/kg/min) and reduced lactate levels, recovery of respiratory function and improved Simplified Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores. After 28 days, 6 patients (50%) had survived. Subgroup analysis demonstrated that survivors had higher IL-6 and lower IL-10 and TNF-a pre-treatment plasma levels (pg/mL) compared with deceased patients (324.4+/-41.1 vs.235.3+/-38.4; 98.5+/-16.1 vs. 234.3+/-48.6, 44.5+/-9.0 vs.121.6+/-52.3 pg/mL, respectively; P<0.05). No adverse events imputable to the treatment were recorded.

CONCLUSION:

Hemofiltration with a PMX fiber column was able to reduce plasma levels of IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-a, especially in patients surviving at 28 days. Use of the technique was associated with lower norepinephrine support and an increased PaO2/FiO2 ratio.

PMID:
20473253
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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