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J Rheumatol. 2010 Jul;37(7):1508-12. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.091311. Epub 2010 May 15.

Folate pathway enzyme gene polymorphisms and the efficacy and toxicity of methotrexate in psoriatic arthritis.

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1
University of Toronto,Toronto, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the association between folate pathway gene polymorphisms and the effectiveness, toxicity, and drug survival of methotrexate (MTX) in psoriatic arthritis (PsA).

METHODS:

Data were obtained from a longitudinal cohort of PsA patients evaluated according to a standard protocol. Data on duration of drug therapy, dose, side effects, and reasons for discontinuation are systematically recorded. Patients treated with MTX after clinic admission who had > or = 3 swollen joints prior to initiating MTX therapy were selected for evaluation of effectiveness. Response to MTX treatment was assessed at 6 months. Data from all patients treated in the clinic with MTX were used in evaluation of toxicity and drug survival. The following single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) were measured using the Sequenom platform: MTHFR 677C>T (rs1801133), MTHFR 1298A>C (rs1801131), DHFR -473T>C (rs1650697), DHFR 35289A>G (rs1232027), and RFC 80G>A (rs1051266). Fisher's exact test, logistic regression, and Cox proportional hazard analyses were used to determine association.

RESULTS:

Two hundred eighty-one patients were identified from the database. All patients were included in the analysis for side effects and drug survival, and 119 patients were included in the effectiveness analysis. The minor A allele of DHFR gene at +35289 was the only SNP demonstrating association with response to MTX therapy (OR 2.99, p = 0.02). Patients homozygous for the minor allele of MTHFR 677C/T (677TT) had more liver toxicity (Fisher exact test, p = 0.04).

CONCLUSION:

Polymorphisms of the DHFR gene may be associated with MTX efficacy. MTHFR 677TT may have a relationship with MTX-induced liver toxicity in PsA.

PMID:
20472929
DOI:
10.3899/jrheum.091311
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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