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Clin Cancer Res. 2010 Jul 1;16(13):3507-16. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-10-0574. Epub 2010 May 14.

A phase I study of foretinib, a multi-targeted inhibitor of c-Met and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2.

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  • 1Early Drug Development Center, Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.



Foretinib is an oral multikinase inhibitor targeting Met, RON, Axl, and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor. We conducted a phase I, first-time-in-human, clinical trial using escalating doses of oral foretinib. The primary objectives are to identify a maximum tolerated dose and determine the safety profile of foretinib. Secondary objectives included evaluation of plasma pharmacokinetics, long-term safety after repeated administration, preliminary antitumor activity, and pharmacodynamic activity.


Patients had histologically confirmed metastatic or unresectable solid tumors for which no standard measures exist. All patients received foretinib orally for 5 consecutive days every 14 days. Dose escalation followed a conventional "3+3" design.


Forty patients were treated in eight dose cohorts. The maximum tolerated dose was defined as 3.6 mg/kg, with a maximum administered dose of 4.5 mg/kg. Dose-limiting toxicities included grade 3 elevations in aspartate aminotransferase and lipase. Additional non-dose-limiting adverse events included hypertension, fatigue, diarrhea, vomiting, proteinuria, and hematuria. Responses were observed in two patients with papillary renal cell cancer and one patient with medullary thyroid cancer. Stable disease was identified in 22 patients. Foretinib pharmacokinetics increased linearly with dose. Pharmacodynamic evaluation indicated inhibition of MET phosphorylation and decreased proliferation in select tumor biopsies at submaximal doses.


The recommended dose of foretinib was determined to be 240 mg, given on the first 5 days of a 14-day cycle. This dose and schedule were identified as having acceptable safety and pharmacokinetics, and will be the dose used in subsequent phase II trials.

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