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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2011 Mar 1;79(3):808-17. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2009.11.043. Epub 2010 May 14.

Five-year analysis of treatment efficacy and cosmesis by the American Society of Breast Surgeons MammoSite Breast Brachytherapy Registry Trial in patients treated with accelerated partial breast irradiation.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Oncology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI 48072, USA. fvicini@beaumont.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To present 5-year data on treatment efficacy, cosmetic results, and toxicities for patients enrolled on the American Society of Breast Surgeons MammoSite breast brachytherapy registry trial.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

A total of 1440 patients (1449 cases) with early-stage breast cancer receiving breast-conserving therapy were treated with the MammoSite device to deliver accelerated partial-breast irradiation (APBI) (34 Gy in 3.4-Gy fractions). Of 1449 cases, 1255 (87%) had invasive breast cancer (IBC) (median size, 10 mm) and 194 (13%) had ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) (median size, 8 mm). Median follow-up was 54 months.

RESULTS:

Thirty-seven cases (2.6%) developed an ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR), for a 5-year actuarial rate of 3.80% (3.86% for IBC and 3.39% for DCIS). Negative estrogen receptor status (p=0.0011) was the only clinical, pathologic, or treatment-related variable associated with IBTR for patients with IBC and young age (<50 years; p=0.0096) and positive margin status (p=0.0126) in those with DCIS. The percentage of breasts with good/excellent cosmetic results at 60 months (n=371) was 90.6%. Symptomatic breast seromas were reported in 13.0% of cases, and 2.3% developed fat necrosis. A subset analysis of the first 400 consecutive cases enrolled was performed (352 with IBC, 48 DCIS). With a median follow-up of 60.5 months, the 5-year actuarial rate of IBTR was 3.04%.

CONCLUSION:

Treatment efficacy, cosmesis, and toxicity 5 years after treatment with APBI using the MammoSite device are good and similar to those reported with other forms of APBI with similar follow-up.

PMID:
20472364
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijrobp.2009.11.043
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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