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Contraception. 2010 Jun;81(6):481-6. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2010.01.020. Epub 2010 Mar 1.

Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study on the effect of misoprostol on ease of consecutive insertion of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.



Misoprostol has been studied intensively to produce cervical dilatation. To date, no studies have evaluated the effectiveness, safety or acceptability of this treatment for repeat intrauterine device insertions.


This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial on the consecutive use of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS). Women who had used their first LNG-IUS for 4 years and 3 to 9 months and opted for an immediate replacement with a second LNG-IUS received a single sublingual dose of 400 mcg misoprostol or placebo 3 h prior to the LNG-IUS insertion.


The proportion of easy insertions as judged by the investigator was 93% (40/43) in subjects randomized to misoprostol and 91% (42/46) in the placebo group (p=1.0 for the difference of proportions). No or mild pain at insertion was reported by 37% and 35% of subjects in the misoprostol and placebo groups, respectively. However, adverse events related to the study drug were more common in the misoprostol group.


Sublingual misoprostol did not have a significant effect on the ease of insertion in subjects having a repeat insertion of the LNG-IUS.


[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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