Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ophthalmology. 2010 Sep;117(9):1839-42. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2010.01.033. Epub 2010 May 14.

Chronic coccidioidomycosis endophthalmitis without concomitant systemic involvement: a clinicopathological case report.

Author information

  • 1Doheny Eye Institute and Department of Ophthalmology, Keck School of Medicine of University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To report the diagnostic, clinical, and histopathologic features of a patient with coccidioidomycosis endophthalmitis without concomitant systemic involvement diagnosed by vitreous biopsy.

DESIGN:

Interventional case report.

PARTICIPANTS:

One patient.

INTERVENTION:

Diagnostic pars plana vitrectomy, systemic and intravitreal antifungal treatment, and enucleation.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Diagnostic, clinical, and histopathologic features of chronic coccidioidomycosis endophthalmitis.

RESULTS:

A 64-year-old white man from Southern California presented with chronic intraocular inflammation in the right eye that had lasted 18 months. He had been unsuccessfully treated with topical and subtenon steroids. At presentation, best-corrected visual acuity was 20/400 in the right eye and 20/20 in the left eye. Ophthalmoscopy of the right eye revealed significant vitritis and multiple yellowish chorioretinal lesions. Evaluation by an internist showed no underlying inflammatory, infectious, or neoplastic systemic illnesses. A vitreous biopsy followed by histopathologic examination showed the presence of multiple Coccidioides sp. microorganisms. The patient was then treated with intravitreal amphotericin B and oral fluconazole. Best-corrected visual acuity initially improved to 20/80, but inflammation progressed and did not respond to 2 subsequent injections of antifungals, 2 additional pars plana vitrectomies, and oral fluconazole. The eye eventually became blind and painful and was enucleated. Histopathologic examination disclosed intraocular granulomas displaying multiple Coccidioides sp. microorganisms.

CONCLUSIONS:

Coccidioides sp. endophthalmitis may present with no concomitant systemic involvement. Histopathologic examination of the vitreous is helpful in the diagnosis. A high index of suspicion is important, especially in areas where the incidence of coccidioidomycosis is rising.

PMID:
20471688
PMCID:
PMC2933969
DOI:
10.1016/j.ophtha.2010.01.033
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center