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Neuromuscul Disord. 2010 Jun;20(6):403-6. doi: 10.1016/j.nmd.2010.04.003. Epub 2010 May 14.

The pathogenic m.3243A>T mitochondrial DNA mutation is associated with a variable neurological phenotype.

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Institute for Ageing and Health, The Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.


The m.3243A>G point mutation in the mitochondrial tRNA(Leu(UUR)) (MTTL1) gene is a common cause of mitochondrial DNA disease and is associated with a variety of clinical presentations. A different mutation occurring at the same site - an m.3243A>T transversion - is less prevalent, but has previously been observed in two patients with encephalopathy and lactic acidosis. We report the investigations of a further two patients with the m.3243A>T mutation who presented with either a chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) phenotype or sensorineural hearing loss, with single fibre mutation studies confirming segregation of the m.3243A>T mutation with COX deficiency.

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