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Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2010 Apr;27(2):193-207. doi: 10.1016/j.cpm.2009.12.003.

Conservative treatments for rheumatoid arthritis in the foot and ankle.

Author information

1
Department of Podiatry, Catholic Health System, Sisters Hospital, 2157 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA. JMANAIN@aol.com

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease that attacks peripheral joints, causing their destruction. Several pharmacologic therapies and physical modalities are available for its treatment. Because of the progressive nature of RA, complementary and alternative medicine therapy in conjunction with conventional medicine is administered to patients with RA. This article discusses the presence of undiagnosed RA in the foot and ankle and reviews the concurrent nonoperative measures in treatment, including pharmacologic and physical modalities.

PMID:
20470952
DOI:
10.1016/j.cpm.2009.12.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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