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Hosp Pract (1995). 2010 Feb;38(1):35-42.

Aspiration syndromes: aspiration pneumonia and pneumonitis.

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1
Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA 23507, USA. marikpe@evms.edu

Abstract

Aspiration pneumonia and pneumonitis are common clinical syndromes that occur in hospitalized patients. Aspiration pneumonia occurs in patients with dysphagia and usually presents as a community-acquired pneumonia with a focal infiltrate in a dependent bronchopulmonary segment. Patients with aspiration pneumonia require treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics and management of the underlying dysphagia. Aspiration pneumonitis follows the aspiration of gastric contents, usually in patients with a marked decreased level of consciousness. Treatment of aspiration pneumonitis is essentially supportive; however, corticosteroids and other immunomodulating agents may have a role in these patients.

PMID:
20469622
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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