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J Epidemiol Community Health. 2010 Jul;64(7):565-72. doi: 10.1136/jech.2009.090720. Epub 2010 May 12.

Risk factors for the onset of non-specific neck pain: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Faculty of Health and Well Being, Sheffield Hallam University, Collegiate Campus, 38 Collegiate Crescent, Broomhall Road, Sheffield S10 2BP, UK. S.McLean@shu.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Neck pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder, but little is known about which individuals develop neck pain. This systematic review investigated factors that constitute a risk for the onset of non-specific neck pain.

DESIGN AND SETTING:

A range of electronic databases and reference sections of relevant articles were searched to identify appropriate articles. Studies investigating risk factors for the onset of non-specific neck pain in asymptomatic populations were included. All studies were prospective with at least 1 year follow-up.

MAIN RESULTS:

14 independent cohort studies met the inclusion criteria for the review. Thirteen studies were assessed as high quality. Female gender, older age, high job demands, low social/work support, being an ex-smoker, a history of low back disorders and a history of neck disorders were linked to the development of non-specific neck pain.

CONCLUSIONS:

Various clinical and sociodemographic risk factors were identified that have implications for occupational health and health policy. However, there was a lack of good-quality research investigating the predictive nature of many other variables.

PMID:
20466711
DOI:
10.1136/jech.2009.090720
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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