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Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2010 Nov;25(11):3569-75. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfq248. Epub 2010 May 11.

What is the best alternative to inulin clearance to estimate GFR in patients with decompensated alcoholic cirrhosis?

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1
Département de Néphrologie, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Lyon Cedex 03, France. nicolasrog@hotmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Accurate evaluation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in patients awaiting liver transplantation is important because they have a greater risk of impaired renal function. A major percentage of these patients have alcoholic cirrhosis, and the accuracy of bedside used GFR estimates have not been specifically evaluated in this group. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of the simplified Modification of Diet in Renal Diseases (MDRD) and Cockcroft and Gault (CG) formulas in patients with decompensated alcoholic cirrhosis in comparison to inulin clearance as the reference method.

METHODS:

GFR estimated by the simplified MDRD and CG formulas were retrospectively compared to the true GFR measured by inulin clearance in a single-centre cohort of 148 patients with decompensated alcoholic cirrhosis.

RESULTS:

Mean ± standard deviation of age, body mass index, inulin clearance and MDRD and CG estimates were 54.4 ± 6.9 years, 26.5 ± 4.7 kg/m(2), 76.9 ± 28.0 mL/min per 1.73 m(2), 99.4 ± 34.0 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) and 98.7 ± 32.0 mL/min per 1.73 m(2), respectively; 70% of the patients had a GFR, measured by inulin clearance, below 90 mL/min per 1.73 m(2). The difference between estimated GFR and true GFR were 23 ± 23 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) for MDRD and 22 ± 20 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) for Cockcroft and Gault.

CONCLUSIONS:

The simplified MDRD and CG formulas largely overestimated GFR in patients with decompensated alcoholic cirrhosis. Results of such bedside formulas should be interpreted with caution in these patients.

PMID:
20466685
DOI:
10.1093/ndt/gfq248
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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