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J Vis. 2010 Apr 27;10(4):14.1-16. doi: 10.1167/10.4.14.

Saccadic lens instability increases with accommodative stimulus in presbyopes.

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College of Optometry, University of Houston, 4901 Calhoun Road, Houston, TX 77204, USA.


An SRI dual Purkinje image (dPi) eye tracker was used to measure lens wobble following saccades with increasing accommodative effort as an indirect measure of ciliary muscle function in presbyopes. Ten presbyopic subjects executed 32 four-degree saccades at 1-s intervals between targets arranged in a cross on illuminated cards at each of 9 viewing distances ranging from 0.5- to 8-D accommodative demands. Post-saccadic lens wobble artifacts were extracted by subtraction of P1 (H(1)/V(1)) position signals from P4 signals (Theta(H)/Theta(V)), both of which were sampled by the eye tracker at 100 Hz. A ray tracing eye model was also employed to model the fourth Purkinje image shifts for a range of lens translations and tilts. Combining all saccades from all subjects showed a significant positive relationship between lens wobble artifact amplitude and accommodative demand. Eye model simulations indicated that artifacts of the amplitude measured could arise from either lens tilts (in the range of 2-4 degrees) or lens translations (in the range of 0.1 to 0.2 mm). Saccadic lens wobble artifacts increase with accommodative effort in presbyopes, indicating preserved ciliary muscle function and greater relaxation of zonular tension with accommodative effort. Variation across subjects may reflect differences in accommodative effort, ciliary muscle function for a given effort, and/or in intraocular anatomy.

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