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Life Sci. 1991;48(25):2443-50.

Disturbed cholecystokinin secretion in patients with eating disorders.

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1
Max-Planck-Institute for Psychiatry, Division of Psychoneuroendocrinology, Munich, Germany.

Abstract

It has been shown that the gastrointestinal hormone cholecystokinin (CCK) induces satiety and reduces food intake in laboratory animals and humans. In the light of this evidence we studied CCK release in patients suffering from eating disorders. The secretion of CCK into the general circulation was measured in 10 anorectic, in 7 bulimic patients, and in 8 healthy controls before and after a high-caloric liquid testmeal. Baseline CCK values were similar in controls (0.6 +/- 0.2 pmol/l) and bulimics (0.6 +/- 0.1 pmol/l) and were significantly increased in the anorectic group (1.8 +/- 0.4 pmol/l) (p less than or equal to 0.005). After eating peak plasma levels increased to 6.1 +/- 0.9 pmol/l in the anorectic, to 3.8 +/- 0.5 pmol/l in the bulimic and to 2.7 +/- 0.6 pmol/l in the control group. All postprandial CCK values were significantly higher in the anorectic group. The secretion of CCK-8-S, an important peptide in the CCK family, was significantly elevated, too. This disturbed CCK secretion in patients suffering from anorexia nervosa, even if it is a secondary, diet-induced defect, may perpetuate this disorder.

PMID:
2046469
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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