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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2010 Jul;87(3):801-14. doi: 10.1007/s00253-010-2650-z. Epub 2010 May 13.

Oxalate decarboxylase: biotechnological update and prevalence of the enzyme in filamentous fungi.

Author information

1
Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, Division of Microbiology, Viikki Biocenter 1, P.O.B. 56, 00014, Helsinki, Finland. miia.r.makela@helsinki.fi

Abstract

Oxalate decarboxylase (ODC) is a manganese-containing, multimeric enzyme of the cupin protein superfamily. ODC is one of the three enzymes identified to decompose oxalic acid and oxalate, and within ODC catalysis, oxalate is split into formate and CO(2). This primarily intracellular enzyme is found in fungi and bacteria, and currently the best characterized enzyme is the Bacillus subtilis OxdC. Although the physiological role of ODC is yet unidentified, the feasibility of this enzyme in diverse biotechnological applications has been recognized for a long time. ODC could be exploited, e.g., in diagnostics, therapeutics, process industry, and agriculture. So far, the sources of ODC enzyme have been limited including only a few fungal and bacterial species. Thus, there is potential for identification and cloning of new ODC variants with diverse biochemical properties allowing e.g. more enzyme fitness to process applications. This review gives an insight to current knowledge on the biochemical characteristics of ODC, and the relevance of oxalate-converting enzymes in biotechnological applications. Particular emphasis is given to fungal enzymes and the inter-connection of ODC to fungal metabolism of oxalic acid.

PMID:
20464388
DOI:
10.1007/s00253-010-2650-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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