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Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2010 Jan-Feb;73(1):96-100.

[Logarithmic visual acuity charts: reasons to use and how to design it].

[Article in Portuguese]

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Departamento de Oftalmologia, Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo - Ribeirão Preto (SP) - Brasil.


Visual acuity represents the visual angle or the smallest distance between two points that allows their discrimination as separated points. Although it is the most common clinical measurement of visual function, it is often misunderstood, especially due to the variety of charts and different notation systems employed for its quantification. This article reviews some concepts about visual acuity measurement, the main notation systems, type of charts and discuss the advantages of using logarithmic scales.

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