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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2010 Jul;67(3):261-5. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2010.02.012. Epub 2010 May 11.

High prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases and plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae isolated from long-term care facilities in Korea.

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1
Division of Antimicrobial Resistance, Center for Infectious Disease Research, National Institute of Health Korea, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate for the first time the prevalence and types of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamase (PABL) in Enterobacteriaceae in Korean long-term care facilities (LTCFs). ESBL rates were 45.3% (72/159) in Escherichia coli and 42.7% (50/117) in Klebsiella pneumoniae. In E. coli, CTX-M-28, the most prevalent ESBLs, was identified for the first time in Korea in 44 isolates. In K. pneumoniae, SHV-12 was found in 27 isolates (52.9% of ESBLs), among which 25 isolates also contained SHV-11. Twenty-seven isolates had SHV and CTX-M beta-lactamase simultaneously. PABL genes were detected in 39.3% (46/117) of K. pneumoniae and 3.1% (5/159) E. coli. In E. coli, DHA-1(3), CMY-2(1), and CMY-6(1) were detected, whereas in K. pneumoniae, only DHA-1 was detected. Among the PABL-producing organisms, 80.0% (E. coli) and 52.2% (K. pneumoniae) simultaneously produced ESBLs. In conclusion, LTCF residents in Korea have a very high prevalence of E. coli and K. pneumoniae producing ESBLs, PABLs, or both, and the genotypes of ESBL and PABL were identical with those found in general hospitals.

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