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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2010 Jul;67(3):270-6. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2010.02.008. Epub 2010 May 11.

AmpC beta-lactamases in Escherichia coli: emergence of CMY-2-producing virulent phylogroup D isolates belonging mainly to STs 57, 115, 354, 393, and 420, and phylogroup B2 isolates belonging to the international clone O25b-ST131.

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Antibiotic Laboratory, Bacteriology Service, Centro Nacional de Microbiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.


Cephalosporins resistance is increasing in Escherichia coli in Spain. We characterize infections by E. coli with reduced susceptibility to third-generation cephalosporins (3GCs) with the AmpC phenotype. Between January 2004 and March 2007, 121 E. coli isolates with the AmpC phenotype were collected (4.8% of all the 2538 E. coli isolates with reduced susceptibility to 3GCs). These isolates were further characterized by clinical and molecular analysis. Plasmid-encoded ampC genes were detected in 46 (38%) isolates (43 CMY-2); 75 isolates (62%) had modifications in the chromosomal ampC promoter region (c-AmpC). CMY-2 producers belonged primarily to the more virulent phylogroup D (48.4%), whereas most isolates of c-AmpC belonged to phylogroup A (56.4%). Bacteremia and infections in children were more frequently produced by CMY-2 producers. CMY-2-producing phylogroup D E. coli belonged to 8 multilocus sequence typing types. Three CMY-2 producers belonged to O25b/ST131/B2 clone. Infections caused by E. coli with the AmpC phenotype may be spreading primarily because of CMY-2-producing phylogroup D isolates, although this enzyme was also detected in the O25b/ST131/B2 clone.

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