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J Rehabil Med. 2010 Apr;42(4):362-7. doi: 10.2340/16501977-0512.

Characteristics of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease choosing rehabilitation.

Author information

1
Faculty of Nursing, Department of Nursing, Sør-Trøndelag University College, Trondheim, Norway. ola.bratas@hist.no

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify and compare objective and self-perceived characteristics of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, who do and do not choose rehabilitation.

SUBJECTS:

The study comprised 205 consecutive patients with mild to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. They chose either inpatient rehabilitation (n = 161) or ordinary outpatient consultations (n = 44).

MEASUREMENTS:

Disease severity was assessed with spirometric tests, health-related quality of life was assessed with the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire, and mental status was measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Socio-demographic and social characteristics, and co-morbidity variables were available.

RESULTS:

Patients in the rehabilitation group had a lower level of overall health-related quality of life (63.8 vs 47.6, p = 0.000) and a higher prevalence of anxiety (34.6% vs 13.6%, p = 0.007) than the outpatients. The outpatients received more psychological support from spouse/partner than patients in the rehabilitation group (70.5% vs 49.1%, p = 0.012). There were no differences in disease severity and co-morbidity.

CONCLUSION:

The decision to choose rehabilitation may be determined by impaired health-related quality of life, psychological distress and lack of psychological support from a significant other. Our findings suggest that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are conscious of their overall health status and the necessary treatment to maintain or improve it.

PMID:
20461339
DOI:
10.2340/16501977-0512
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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