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Biol Pharm Bull. 2010;33(5):804-8.

Inhibitory effect of vitamin K(2) on interleukin-1beta-stimulated proliferation of human osteoblasts.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, School of Dentistry, Aichi-Gakuin University, 1-100 Kusumoto-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8650, Japan.


The effect of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1beta on the cellular proliferation of human osteoblastic cells (SaM-1) and osteosarcoma-derived cells (SaOS-2, HOS, and MG-63) was examined. IL-1beta stimulated the proliferation of SaM-1 and MG-63 cells, but had no effect on that of SaOS-2 or HOS cells. Using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis, the mRNA expression of IL-1 receptor type I (IL-1R1) was detected in SaM-1 and MG-63 cells consistently, but not in SaOS-2 or HOS cells in the proliferative stage. Neither the decoy inhibitory IL-1 receptor type II (IL-1R2) nor IL-1R antagonist mRNA was detected in any of the cell lines, suggesting that IL-1beta stimulated proliferation via IL-1R1. The IL-1beta -stimulated proliferation was inhibited by the MAPK kinase (MEK) inhibitor PD98059 but not by the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor SB203580 or the cyclooxygenase-2 specific inhibitor NS-398, suggesting that IL-1beta stimulated proliferation via MEK, without affecting prostaglandin E(2) synthesis. IL-1beta stimulated cellular proliferation but inhibited the synthesis of osteocalcin containing gamma-carboxylated glutamic acid (Gla-OSCAL). Both the increased proliferation and decreased Gla-OSCAL synthesis were suppressed by vitamin K(2) (VK(2)), which is a cofactor for gamma-carboxylase. Furthermore, the inhibitory effect of VK(2) on IL-1beta -stimulated proliferation was suppressed by warfarin. However, rifampicin the nuclear receptor steroid and xenobiotic receptor (SXR) ligand had no effect of IL-beta, suggesting that IL-1beta is involved in VK(2) dependent gamma-calboxylation but not SXR-activation. These results suggest that IL-1beta stimulated cellular proliferation via MEK and inhibited Gla-OSCAL synthesis, which were both inhibited by VK(2) via gamma-carboxylation.

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