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Am J Transplant. 2010 Jul;10(7):1660-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2010.03079.x. Epub 2010 Apr 23.

Pancreas allograft biopsies with positive c4d staining and anti-donor antibodies related to worse outcome for patients.

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1
Department of Pathology, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands. H.de_Kort@lumc.nl

Abstract

C4d+ antibody-mediated rejection following pancreas transplantation has not been well characterized. Therefore, we assessed the outcomes of 27 pancreas transplantation patients (28 biopsies), with both C4d staining and donor-specific antibodies (DSA) determined, from a cohort of 257 patients. The median follow-up was 50 (interquartile range [IQR] 8-118) months. Patients were categorized into 3 groups: group 1, patients with minimal or no C4d staining and no DSA (n = 13); group 2, patients with either DSA present but no C4d, diffuse C4d+ and no DSA or focal C4d+ and DSA (n = 6); group 3, patients with diffuse C4d+ staining and DSA (n = 9). Active septal inflammation, acinar inflammation and acinar cell injury/necrosis were significantly more abundant in group 3 than in group 2 (respective p-values: 0.009; 0.033; 0.025) and in group 1 (respective p-values: 0.034; 0.009; 0.002). The overall uncensored pancreas graft survival rate for groups 1, 2 and 3 were 53.3%, 66.7% and 34.6%, respectively (p = 0.044). In conclusion, recipients of pancreas transplants with no C4d or DSA had excellent long-term graft survival in comparison with patients with both C4d+ and DSA present. Hence, C4d should be used as an additional marker in combination with DSA in the evaluation of pancreas transplant biopsies.

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