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Thromb Res. 2010 Oct;126(4):e318-22. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2010.03.013. Epub 2010 May 7.

Reduced platelet response to aspirin in patients with coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital Skejby, Denmark. sosbm@dadlnet.dk

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Diabetes mellitus is complicated by accelerated atherosclerosis, resulting in an increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and thrombosis. Despite the proven benefits of aspirin, previous studies indicate a reduced cardiovascular protection from aspirin in diabetic patients. We aimed to investigate whether diabetes mellitus influenced the platelet response to aspirin in patients with CAD.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Platelet aggregation and activation were evaluated during aspirin treatment in 85 diabetic and 92 non-diabetic patients with CAD. Adherence to aspirin was carefully controlled. All patients had CAD verified by coronary angiography and were taking 75 mg non-enteric coated aspirin daily.

RESULTS:

Diabetic patients showed significantly higher levels of platelet aggregation compared to non-diabetic patients evaluated by VerifyNow® Aspirin (p=0.03) and Multiplate® aggregometry using arachidonic acid (AA) 0.5 mM (p=0.005) and 1.0 mM (p=0.009). In addition, platelet activation determined by soluble P-selectin was significantly higher in diabetics compared to non-diabetics (p=0.005). The higher AA-induced aggregation was associated with higher levels of HbA(1c). Compliance was confirmed by low levels of serum thromboxane B(2) (below 7.2 ng/mL). Diabetics had significantly higher levels of serum thromboxane B(2) (p<0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Diabetic patients with CAD had significantly higher levels of both platelet aggregation and activation compared to non-diabetic patients with CAD despite treatment with the same dosage of aspirin. These findings may partly explain the reduced cardiovascular protection from aspirin in diabetic patients.

PMID:
20451957
DOI:
10.1016/j.thromres.2010.03.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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