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Nig Q J Hosp Med. 2010 Jan-Mar;20(1):42-5.

Histopathological study of soft tissue malignancies in a teaching hospital, Sagamu, South-West Nigeria.

Author information

1
Department of Morbid Anatomy, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Nigeria. ekabudu@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Soft tissue malignancies constituted a heterogeneous group of rare solid tumors of mesenchymal cell origin with distinct clinical and pathological features.

OBJECTIVES:

To review all the histologically confirmed soft tissue malignancies, with their age, sex distribution, and histological characteristics in Sagamu, South-West Nigeria.

METHODS:

A review of all the medical and pathological records and slides of histopathologically diagnosed soft tissue malignancy cases seen between January 2003 and December 2006. Routine haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining as well as histochemical studies were carried out.

RESULTS:

It constituted 1.84% of a total number of malignancies (1250 cases) diagnosed with a male to female ratio of 1.9:1 and 18(72.3%) cases occurring in the patients above 20 years. Rhabdomyosarcoma was the most preponderant soft tissue malignancy, constituting 13 (59.1%) cases with the embryonal type predominating (53.8%). Most cases of soft tissue malignancies were seen in the trunk as well in the lower limbs; constituting 63.0%. However, most cases of rhabdomyosarcoma in this study were seen in the lower limbs in 76.9%.

CONCLUSION:

Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common soft tissue malignancy in Sagamu especially the embryonal variant which is seen predominantly in childhood and adolescence.

PMID:
20450031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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