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Nutr Hosp. 2010 Mar-Apr;25(2):311-6.

Socioeconomic status influences physical fitness in European adolescents independently of body fat and physical activity: the HELENA study.

Collaborators (223)

Moreno LA, Gottrand F, De Henauw S, González-Gross M, Gilbert C, Kafatos A, Libersa C, Sánchez J, Gottrand F, Kersting M, Sjöstrom M, Molnár D, Dallongeville J, Hall G, Maes L, Scalfi L, Meléndez P, Fleta J, Casajús JA, Rodríguez G, Tomás C, Mesana MI, Vicente-Rodríguez G, Villarroya A, Gil CM, Ara I, Revenga J, Lachen C, Fernández Alvira J, Bueno G, Lázaro A, Bueno O, León JF, Garagorri JM, Bueno M, Pablo Rey López J, Iglesia I, Velasco P, Bel S, Marcos A, Wärnberg J, Nova E, Gómez-Martínez S, Ligia Díaz E, Romeo J, Veses A, Angeles Puertollano M, Zapatera B, Pozo T, Beghin L, Libersa C, Gottrand F, Iliescu C, Von Berlepsch J, Kersting M, Sichert-Hellert W, Koeppen E, Molnar D, Erhardt E, Csernus K, Török K, Bokor S, Angster M, Nagy E, Kovács O, Répásy J, Kafatos A, Codrington C, Plada M, Papadaki A, Sarri K, Viskadourou A, Hatzis C, Kiriakakis M, Tsibinos G, Sbokos CV, Protoyeraki E, Fasoulaki M, Stehle P, Pietrzik K, González-Gross M, Breidenassel C, Spinneker A, Al-Tahan J, Segoviano M, Berchtold A, Bierschbach C, Blatzheim E, Schuch A, Pickert P, Castillo Garzón MJ, Gutiérrez Sáinz A, Ortega Porcel FB, Ruiz JR, García Artero E, España Romero V, Jiménez Pavón D, Sánchez Muñoz C, Soto V, Chillón P, Heredia JM, Aparicio V, Baena P, Cardia CM, Carbonell A, Arcella D, Catasta G, Censi L, Ciarapica D, Ferrari M, Le Donne C, Leclerq C, Magrì L, Maiani G, Piccinelli R, Polito A, Spada R, Toti E, Scalfi L, Vitaglione P, Montagnese C, De Bourdeaudhuij I, De Henauw S, De Vriendt T, Maes L, Matthys C, Vereecken C, de Maeyer M, Ottevaere C, Widhalm K, Phillipp K, Dietrich S, Kubelka B, Boriss-Riedl M, Manios Y, Grammatikaki E, Bouloubasi Z, Cook TL, Eleutheriou S, Consta O, Moschonis G, Katsaroli I, Kraniou G, Papoutsou S, Keke D, Petraki I, Bellou E, Tanagra S, Kallianoti K, Argyropoulou D, Kondaki K, Tsikrika S, Karaiskos C, Dallongeville J, Meirhaeghe A, Bokor S, Fievet N, Goumidi L, Sjöstrom M, Bergman P, Hagströmer M, Hallström L, Hallberg M, Poortvliet E, Wärnberg J, Rizzo N, Beckman L, Wennlöf AH, Patterson E, Kwak L, Cernerud L, Tillgren P, Sörensen S, Sánchez-Molero J, Picó E, Navarro M, Viadel B, Carreres JE, Merino G, Sanjuán R, Lorente M, Sánchez MJ, Castelló S, Gilbert C, Thomas S, Allchurch E, Burguess P, Hall G, Astrom A, Sverkén A, Broberg A, Masson A, Lehoux C, Brabant P, Pate P, Fontaine L, Sebok A, Kuti T, Hegyi A, Maldonado C, Llorente A, García E, von Fircks H, Hallberg ML, Messerer M, Larsson M, Fredriksson H, Adamsson V, Börjesson I, Fernández L, Smillie L, Wills J, González-Gross M, Meléndez A, Benito PJ, Calderón J, Jiménez-Pavón D, Valtueña J, Navarro P, Urzanqui A, Albers U, Pedrero R, José Gómez Lorente J.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The influence of socioeconomic status on health-related fitness is not clear.

AIM:

To examine the influence of socioeconomic status on health-related fitness in adolescents.

METHODS:

A total of 3,259 adolescents (15.0 +/- 1.3 y) from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Cross-Sectional Study (HELENA-CSS) participated in the study. Socioeconomic status was assessed by the family affluence scale (FAS). Speed-agility, muscular strength and cardiorespiratory fitness were assessed. Covariates included total body fat, physical activity and pubertal status.

RESULTS:

Adolescents with high FAS had significantly higher fitness levels than their peers of lower FAS categories except for speed-agility and handgrip in boys. Overall, the associations observed presented a medium to large effect size.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that socioeconomic status is positively associated with physical fitness in European adolescents independently of total body fat and habitual physical activity.

PMID:
20449543
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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