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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 Sep 1;182(5):661-8. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201001-0007OC. Epub 2010 May 6.

Plasma levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and outcomes in pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Author information

1
Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) promotes healthy vascular function, and it is decreased in insulin resistance. Insulin resistance predisposes to pulmonary vascular disease.

OBJECTIVES:

We hypothesized that HDL-C is associated with clinical outcomes in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).

METHODS:

Plasma HDL-C concentrations were measured in 69 patients with PAH (age, 46.7 +/- 12.9 yr; female, 90%) and 229 control subjects (age, 57 +/- 13 yr; female, 48%). Clinical outcomes of interest included hospitalization for PAH, lung transplantation, and all-cause mortality. Survival and time to clinical worsening curves were derived by the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox regression modeling of outcome versus HDL-C with individual covariate adjustments was performed.

MEASUREMENT AND MAIN RESULTS:

HDL-C was low in subjects with PAH compared with control subjects (median, interquartile range: PAH: 36, 29-40 mg/dl; control subjects: 49, 40-60 mg/dl; P < 0.001). An HDL-C level of 35 mg/dl discriminated survivors from nonsurvivors, with a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 60%. After a median follow-up of 592 days, high HDL-C was associated with decreased mortality (hazard ratio for every 5-mg/dl increase in HDL-C, 0.643; 95% confidence interval, 0.504-0.822; P = 0.001) and less clinical worsening (hazard ratio for every 5-mg/dl increase in HDL-C, 0.798; 95% confidence interval, 0.663-0.960; P = 0.02). HDL-C remained a significant predictor of survival after adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors, C-reactive protein, indices of insulin resistance, and severity of PAH (all P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Low plasma HDL-C is associated with higher mortality and clinical worsening in PAH. This association does not appear to be explained by underlying cardiovascular risk factors, insulin resistance, or the severity of PAH.

PMID:
20448092
PMCID:
PMC2937236
DOI:
10.1164/rccm.201001-0007OC
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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