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J Clin Periodontol. 2010 Apr;37(4):374-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2010.01539.x.

Regenerative effect of basic fibroblast growth factor on periodontal healing in two-wall intrabony defects in dogs.

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1
Department of Periodontology, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, Japan. syoshi@dent.kagoshima-u.ac.jp

Abstract

AIM:

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) candidate treatment on periodontal healing in two-wall intrabony defects in dogs.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Two-wall intrabony defects (5 x 5 x 5 mm) were created surgically on the distal and mesial sides of bilateral mandibular second and fourth premolars in four Beagle dogs. bFGF, enamel matrix derivative (EMD) and platelet-derived growth factor with beta-tricalcium phosphate (PDGF/beta-TCP) treatments, and sham-surgery (OFD) were rotated among the four defects in each animal, EMD and PDGF/beta-TCP serving as benchmark controls. The animals were euthanized for radiographic and histologic evaluation at 8 weeks.

RESULTS:

Bone formation was significantly greater in the bFGF group (4.11 +/- 0.77 mm) than in the EMD (3.32 +/- 0.71 mm; p<0.05) and OFD (3.09 +/- 0.52 mm; p<0.01) groups. The EMD (4.59 +/- 1.19 mm) and PDGF/beta-TCP (4.66 +/- 0.7 mm) groups exhibited significantly greater cementum regeneration with periodontal ligament-like tissue than the OFD group (2.96 +/- 0.69 mm; p<0.01). No significant differences were observed between the bFGF and the PDGF/beta-TCP groups in any of the histometric parameters.

CONCLUSIONS:

The candidate bFGF treatment supported periodontal regeneration comparable with that of established benchmarks: EMD and PDGF/beta-TCP.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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