Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Exp Metastasis. 2010 May;27(5):331-40. doi: 10.1007/s10585-010-9330-3. Epub 2010 May 6.

Localization of osteoblast inflammatory cytokines MCP-1 and VEGF to the matrix of the trabecula of the femur, a target area for metastatic breast cancer cell colonization.

Author information

Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA.


Bone likely provides a hospitable environment for cancer cells as suggested by their preferential localization to the skeleton. Previous work has shown that osteoblast-derived cytokines increased in the presence of metastatic breast cancer cells. Thus, we hypothesized that osteoblast-derived cytokines, in particular IL-6, MCP-1, and VEGF, would be localized to the bone metaphyses, an area to which breast cancer cells preferentially traffic. Human metastatic MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells were inoculated into the left ventricle of the heart of athymic mice. Three to four weeks later, tumor localization within isolated femurs was examined using muCT and MRI. In addition, IL-6, MCP-1, and VEGF localization were assayed via immunohistochemistry. We found that MDA-MB-231 cells colonized trabecular bone, the area in which murine MCP-1 and VEGF were visualized in the bone matrix. In contrast, IL-6 was expressed by murine cells throughout the bone marrow. MDA-MB-231 cells produced VEGF, whose expression was not only associated with the breast cancer cells, but also increased with tumor growth. This is the first study to localize MCP-1, VEGF, and IL-6 in bone compartments via immunohistochemistry. These data suggest that metastatic cancer cells may co-opt bone cells into creating a niche facilitating cancer cell colonization.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center