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Clin J Sport Med. 2010 May;20(3):185-8. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0b013e3181dba80d.

Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage in a college student athlete population.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacy, The University of Tennessee Medical Center, Knoxville, Tennessee 37920, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study evaluated the prevalence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) nasal carriage, risk factors for nasal carriage, and antibiotic susceptibility patterns in college student athletes.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study.

SETTING:

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal samples and data collection forms were obtained at athletic team training rooms at 2 colleges.

PARTICIPANTS:

: The study population included 277 college student athletes older than 18 years.

INTERVENTIONS:

A nasal swab was obtained from each athlete after completion of a data collection form. Variables collected on the data collection form included age, sex, race/ethnicity, athletic team, recent health care exposure(s), history of CA-MRSA exposure, recent antibiotic treatment(s), sharing towels, razors or soap, nose picking, and on-campus or off-campus living.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Prevalence of CA-MRSA nasal carriage and antibiotic susceptibility patterns was analyzed. Risk factors for nasal carriage were also evaluated.

RESULTS:

Five positive CA-MRSA nasal carriers (4 men and 1 woman) were identified of 277 sampled; a prevalence of 1.8%. Two institutions were involved in the study. Institution 1 had 4 positive CA-MRSA nasal carriers of 124 sampled (3.2%). Institution 2 had 1 positive CA-MRSA nasal carrier of 153 sampled (0.65%). No risk factors were found to be significantly associated with positive CA-MRSA nasal carriage.

CONCLUSIONS:

The prevalence of CA-MRSA nasal carriage in college student athletes in East Tennessee (1.8%) seems similar to what has been reported in the general population (1.5%).

PMID:
20445358
DOI:
10.1097/JSM.0b013e3181dba80d
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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