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Nanotechnology. 2007 Dec 12;18(49):495602. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/18/49/495602. Epub 2007 Nov 2.

Iron assisted growth of copper-tipped multi-walled carbon nanotubes.

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School of Electrical Engineering, Department of Physical Electronics, The Iby and Aladar Fleischman Faculty of Engineering, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv 69978, Israel.


Carbon nanotubes incorporating copper are highly sought after for nanoelectronic applications. Indeed, several recent studies have demonstrated the production of copper-tipped nanotubes using the chemical vapor deposition method. Here we present the growth and detailed characterization of such copper-tipped nanotubes. The nanotubes grown were of a 'bamboo-like' structure, consisting of stacked cups of graphene, and were produced by chemical vapor deposition employing iron and copper nanoparticles as a catalyst and metal source respectively. Transmission electron microscopy and electron holography analysis of the tips of these nanotubes revealed a small crystalline iron particle on the inner side of the copper tip, with the nanotube structure encapsulating the iron. This form of growth may allow the formation of similar structures with various other metal-tipped carbon nanotubes to be manufactured.

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