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Mol Cancer Ther. 2010 May;9(5):1169-79. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-09-1207. Epub 2010 May 4.

Anticancer efficacy of a difluorodiarylidenyl piperidone (HO-3867) in human ovarian cancer cells and tumor xenografts.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anticancer potency and mechanism of a novel difluorodiarylidenyl piperidone (H-4073) and its N-hydroxypyrroline modification (HO-3867) in human ovarian cancer. Studies were done using established human ovarian cancer cell lines (A2870, A2780cDDP, OV-4, SKOV3, PA-1, and OVCAR3) as well as in a murine xenograft tumor (A2780) model. Both compounds were comparably and significantly cytotoxic to A2780 cells. However, HO-3867 showed a preferential toxicity toward ovarian cancer cells while sparing healthy cells. HO-3867 induced G(2)-M cell cycle arrest in A2780 cells by modulating cell cycle regulatory molecules p53, p21, p27, cyclin-dependent kinase 2, and cyclin, and promoted apoptosis by caspase-8 and caspase-3 activation. It also caused an increase in the expression of functional Fas/CD95 and decreases in signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3; Tyr705) and JAK1 phosphorylation. There was a significant reduction in STAT3 downstream target protein levels including Bcl-xL, Bcl-2, survivin, and vascular endothelial growth factor, suggesting that HO-3867 exposure disrupted the JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway. In addition, HO-3867 significantly inhibited the growth of the ovarian xenografted tumors in a dosage-dependent manner without any apparent toxicity. Western blot analysis of the xenograft tumor tissues showed that HO-3867 inhibited pSTAT3 (Tyr705 and Ser727) and JAK1 and increased apoptotic markers cleaved caspase-3 and poly ADP ribose polymerase. HO-3867 exhibited significant cytotoxicity toward ovarian cancer cells by inhibition of the JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway. The study suggested that HO-3867 may be useful as a safe and effective anticancer agent for ovarian cancer therapy.

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