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Nat Rev Rheumatol. 2010 Jun;6(6):348-57. doi: 10.1038/nrrheum.2010.63. Epub 2010 May 4.

Genetics of SLE: evidence from mouse models.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Immunology, and Laboratory Medicine, University of Florida, 1600 Archer Road, Gainesville, FL 32610-0275, USA. morel@pathology.ufl.edu

Abstract

Great progress has been made in the field of lupus genetics in the past few years, notably with the publication of genome-wide association studies in humans and the identification of susceptibility genes (including Fcgr2b, Ly108, Kallikrein genes and Coronin-1A) in mouse models of spontaneous lupus. This influx of new information has revealed an ever-increasing interdependence between the mouse and human systems for unraveling the genetic basis of lupus susceptibility. Studies in the 1980s and 1990s established that mice prone to spontaneous lupus constitute excellent models of the genetic architecture of human systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This notion has been greatly strengthened by the convergence of the functional pathways that are defective in both human and murine lupus. Within these pathways, variants in a number of genes have now been shown to be directly associated with lupus in both species. Consequently, mouse models will continue to serve a pre-eminent role in lupus genetics research, with an increased emphasis on mechanistic and molecular studies of human susceptibility alleles.

PMID:
20440287
DOI:
10.1038/nrrheum.2010.63
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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