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J Fam Psychol. 2010 Apr;24(2):197-207. doi: 10.1037/a0018787.

The impact of family and community violence on children's depression trajectories: examining the interactions of violence exposure, family social support, and gender.

Author information

1
School of Social Work, Michigan State University, 254 Baker Hall, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA. kenne258@msu.edu

Abstract

This longitudinal study used multilevel modeling to examine the relationships between witnessing intimate partner violence (IPV), community and school violence exposure (CSVE), family social support, gender, and depression over 2 years within a sample of 100 school-aged children. We found significant between-child differences in both the initial levels of depression and the trajectories of depression; depression over time was positively associated with change in witnessing IPV and CSVE and negatively associated with change in support. Two significant 3-way interactions were found: Gender and initial support, as well as gender and initial witnessing IPV, both significantly moderated the effect of change in witnessing IPV on the children's depression over time.

PMID:
20438195
DOI:
10.1037/a0018787
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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