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Can J Neurol Sci. 2010 Mar;37(2):167-76.

Current evaluation and management of excessive daytime sleepiness.

Author information

1
Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Excessive daytime sleepiness has significant impact on neurological function, and has societal implications. Sleepiness is a common feature of many neurological conditions. A careful history will often reveal one of many common causes of excessive daytime sleepiness and suggest appropriate treatment. Neurophysiological testing can provide objective assessment. Behavioural management is an important first step in management. Treatment of common concurrent sleep disorders is also essential. Currently available medications can further symptomatically improve function in many individuals. The strongest evidence base is for the treatment of narcolepsy--a prototype disorder of excessive daytime sleepiness. Currently used medications include modafinil, stimulants, and sodium oxybate amongst others. This review discusses important features in the diagnosis of daytime sleepiness in adults, and outlines a treatment approach. Further evidence-based information about the management of this common problem is essential.

PMID:
20437926
DOI:
10.1017/s0317167100009896
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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