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J Extra Corpor Technol. 2010 Mar;42(1):30-9.

Evaluation of hemodynamic and regional tissue perfusion effects of minimized extracorporeal circulation (MECC).

Author information

1
Department of Cardiovascular Technology, MediClin Heart Centre Coswig, Sachsen Anhalt, Germany. baueradrian@msn.com

Abstract

Minimized extracorporeal circulation (MECC, Maquet, Cardiopulmonary AG, Hirrlingen, Germany) is an established procedure to perform coronary revascularization. Studies showed positive effects of MECC compared to conventional cardiopulmonary bypass (CCPB) procedures in terms of transfusion requirements, less inflammation reactions, and neurological impairments. Recent retrospective studies showed higher mean arterial pressure (MAP) and a lower frequency of vasoactive drug use. We addressed this issue in this study. The hypothesis was to find a higher MAP during coronary bypass grafting surgery in patients treated with MECC systems. We performed a prospective, controlled, randomized trial with 40 patients either assigned to MECC (n = 18) or CCPB (n = 22) undergoing coronary bypass grafting. Primary endpoints were the perioperative course of mean arterial pressure, and the consumption of norepinephrine. Secondary endpoints were the regional cerebral and renal oxygen saturation (rSO2) as an indicator of area perfusion and the course of hematocrit. Clinical and demographic characteristics did not significantly differ between both groups. Thirty-day mortality was 0%. At four of five time points during extracorporeal circulation (ECC) MAP values were significantly higher in the MECC group compared to CCPB patients (after starting the ECC 60 +/- 11 mmHg vs. 49 +/- 10 mmHg, p = .002). MECC patients received significantly less norepinephrine (MECC 22.5 +/- 35 microg vs. CCPB 60.5 +/- 75 microg, p = .045). The rSO2 measured at right and left forehead and the renal area was similar for both groups during ECC and significantly higher at CCPB group 1 and 4 hours after termination of CPB. Minimized extracorporeal circulation provides a higher mean arterial pressure during ECC and we found a lower consumption of vasoactive drugs in the MECC group. There was a decrease in regional tissue saturation at 1 and 4 hours post bypass in the MECC group possibly due to increased systemic inflammation and extravascular fluid shift in the CCPB group.

PMID:
20437789
PMCID:
PMC4680062
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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