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J Immunol. 2010 Jun 1;184(11):6457-64. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.0901717. Epub 2010 Apr 30.

Treatment of autoimmune arthritis using RNA interference-modulated dendritic cells.

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1
Department of Surgery, University of Western Ontario, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DCs) have a dual ability to either stimulate or suppress immunity, which is primarily associated with the expression of costimulatory molecules. Ag-loaded DCs have shown encouraging clinical results for treating cancer and infectious diseases; however, the use of these cells as a means of suppressing immune responses is only recently being explored. Here, we describe the induction of RNA interference through administering short interfering RNA (siRNA) as a means of specifically generating tolerogenic DCs. Knockdown of CD40, CD80, and CD86, prior to loading DCs with the arthritogenic Ag collagen II, led to a population of cells that could effectively suppress onset of collagen-induced arthritis. Maximum benefits were observed when all three genes were concurrently silenced. Disease suppression was associated with inhibition of collagen II-specific Ab production and suppression of T cell recall responses. Downregulation of IL-2, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and IL-17 and increased FoxP3(+) cells with regulatory activity were observed in collagen-induced arthritis mice treated with siRNA-transfected DCs. Collectively, these data support the use of ex vivo gene manipulation in DCs using siRNA to generate tailor-made tolerogenic vaccines for treating autoimmunity.

PMID:
20435931
DOI:
10.4049/jimmunol.0901717
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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