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Blood. 2010 Aug 12;116(6):869-77. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-02-270934. Epub 2010 Apr 30.

Munc13-4 is a limiting factor in the pathway required for platelet granule release and hemostasis.

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1
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY 40536, USA.

Abstract

Activation-dependent platelet granule release is mediated by integral membrane proteins called soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein attachment protein receptors (SNAREs) and their regulators; however, the mechanisms for this process are ill-defined. To further characterize platelet secretion, we analyzed the function of platelets from Unc13d(Jinx) mice. Platelets from these animals lack the putative vesicle priming factor, Munc13-4, and have a severe secretion defect. Release from dense granules was completely ablated and that from alpha-granules and lysosomes was severely compromised. Unc13d(Jinx) platelets showed attenuated aggregation and, consequently, Unc13d(Jinx) mice had prolonged tail-bleeding times. The secretion defect was not due to altered expression of SNAREs or SNARE regulators, defective granule biogenesis, or faulty platelet activation. The defective release could be rescued by adding recombinant Munc13-4 to permeabilized Unc13d(Jinx) platelets. In wild-type mouse platelets, Munc13-4 levels were lower than those of SNAREs suggesting that Munc13-4 could be a limiting component of the platelets' secretory machinery. Consistently, Munc13-4 levels directly correlated with the extent of granule release from permeabilized platelets and from intact, heterozygous Unc13d(Jinx) platelets. These data highlight the importance of Munc13-4 in platelets and indicate that it is a limiting factor required for platelet secretion and hemostasis.

PMID:
20435885
PMCID:
PMC2924225
DOI:
10.1182/blood-2010-02-270934
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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