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Thromb Res. 2010 Sep;126(3):175-82. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2010.03.021. Epub 2010 May 15.

Dabigatran versus enoxaparin for prevention of venous thromboembolism after hip or knee arthroplasty: a pooled analysis of three trials.

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Medical University of South Carolina and Charleston Orthopedic Associates, Charleston, South Carolina 29414, USA.



Three randomized, double-blind trials compared dabigatran, an oral direct thrombin inhibitor, with enoxaparin for the primary prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing elective total hip and knee arthroplasty.


We conducted a pre-specified pooled analysis of these trials. 8,210 patients were randomized, of whom 8,135 were treated (evaluable for safety) with dabigatran 220 mg or 150 mg once-daily, or subcutaneous enoxaparin (40 mg once-daily or 30 mg twice-daily). Efficacy analyses were based on the modified intention-to-treat population of 6,200 patients with an evaluable outcome. The common risk difference (RD) of treatment effect between each dabigatran dose and enoxaparin was estimated using fixed-effects models, and statistical heterogeneity was estimated using the I2 statistic.


The composite outcome of major VTE (proximal deep vein thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolism) and VTE-related mortality occurred in 3.3% of the enoxaparin group versus 3.0% of the dabigatran 220 mg group (RD vs. enoxaparin -0.2%, 95% CI -1.3% to 0.9%, I2=37%) and 3.8% of the 150 mg group (RD vs. enoxaparin 0.5%, -0.6% to 1.6%, I2=0%). Major bleeding occurred in 1.4% of the enoxaparin group versus 1.4% of the dabigatran 220 mg group (RD vs. enoxaparin -0.2%, -0.8% to 0.5%, I2=40%) and 1.1% of the 150 mg group (RD vs. enoxaparin -0.4%, -1.0% to 0.2%, I2=0%).


Oral dabigatran was as effective as subcutaneous enoxaparin in reducing the risk of major VTE and VTE-related mortality after hip or knee arthroplasty and has a similar bleeding profile.

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