Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur Psychiatry. 2011 Jan;26(1):1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2009.11.003. Epub 2010 Apr 28.

Neuroticism and psychological distress: to what extent is their association due to person-environment correlation?

Author information

1
Centre for Population Studies, Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, London, United Kingdom. George.Ploubidis@LSHTM.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine to what extent the association between neuroticism and psychological distress is related to individuals' inherent vulnerability or their tendency to self-select high-risk environments or situations.

METHOD:

Data was drawn from both waves (1984/1985 and 1991) of the Health and Lifestyle Survey. Psychological distress was evaluated using the 30-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-30) and neuroticism was assessed with the Eysenck Personality Inventory. A checklist of life events was completed in the second wave only. A Latent State Trait model was estimated to decompose psychological distress into its environmental-contextual and individual-specific components.

RESULTS:

Neuroticism accounted for 31 and 10% respectively of the variance of the environmental-contextual and individual-specific psychological distress components.

CONCLUSION:

Our results favour the notion that individuals with high-levels of neuroticism tend to self-select situations likely to lead to adversity and distress.

PMID:
20430593
DOI:
10.1016/j.eurpsy.2009.11.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center