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Curr Med Res Opin. 2010 Jun;26(6):1497-504. doi: 10.1185/03007995.2010.481249.

Effect of maximum OTC doses of naproxen sodium or acetaminophen on low-dose aspirin inhibition of serum thromboxane B2.

Author information

1
Kendle Early Stage, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. oldenhof.john@kendle.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study evaluated the platelet inhibitory effects of low-dose enteric-coated aspirin (EC-ASA) when used concomitantly with maximum over-the-counter (OTC) doses of naproxen sodium (NAPSO) or acetaminophen to determine whether NAPSO and acetaminophen interfere with the anti-platelet effect of aspirin.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Phase I, randomized, open-label, multi-dose, three-period, parallel group, pharmacodynamic trial conducted in healthy male and female volunteers (n = 47 randomized subjects and n = 37 evaluable subjects), mean age 40.2 years. All subjects received 5 days of EC-ASA 81 mg once daily followed by 5 days of EC-ASA 81 mg once daily alone or co-administered with either NAPSO 220 mg three times daily or acetaminophen 1 g four times daily.

PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE:

Inhibition of serum thromboxane B(2) (TXB(2)), as a marker of platelet cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) inhibition, measured on Day 11.

RESULTS:

Mean inhibition of TXB(2) on Day 11 was >99% for subjects taking EC-ASA alone as well as for those who received EC-ASA co-administered with NAPSO or acetaminophen. For subjects taking EC-ASA monotherapy, mean serum TXB(2) inhibition was 99.7% (range 99.0-100%), for those taking EC-ASA with acetaminophen it was 99.6% (range 98.3-99.9%), and for those taking EC-ASA with NAPSO, mean serum TXB(2) inhibition was 99.7% (range 99.2-100%).

STUDY LIMITATION:

Small sample size and open-label trial design.

CONCLUSIONS:

The anti-platelet effect of EC-ASA 81 mg once daily was maintained following its co-administration with maximum OTC doses of NAPSO or acetaminophen.

PMID:
20429831
DOI:
10.1185/03007995.2010.481249
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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