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Oncol Rep. 2010 Jun;23(6):1553-9.

IL-6 augments the invasiveness of U87MG human glioblastoma multiforme cells via up-regulation of MMP-2 and fascin-1.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, PR China.


Invasion into adjacent brain parenchyma is the key cause of recurrent human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The role of interleukin 6 (IL-6) in the malignant progression of glioma remains undefined. Here, we found that IL-6 promotes the invasion of U87 MG human glioma cells but not in U343 cells. An advanced level of STAT3 activity, and increased expression and secretion of MMP-2, induced by IL-6 in U87 MG cells were observed. Blocking the STAT3 pathway with specific inhibitors of STAT3, JSI-124 or small interfering RNA (siRNA), inhibited the invasion of U87MG promoted by IL-6 with concomitant down-regulation of MMP-2. Furthermore, rapid up-regulation of fascin-1 (a cell motility-related protein) induced by IL-6 was apparent in U87MG cells. However, this up-regulation of fascin-1 was not inhibited by JSI-124 or siRNA. These results suggest that the STAT3 pathway and fascin-1 may play crucial roles in the invasiveness of U87MG cells promoted by IL-6.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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