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Arq Bras Cardiol. 2010 Jun;94(6):823-8. Epub 2010 May 28.

[Aerobic exercise improves physical capacity in patients under chronic hemodialysis].

[Article in Portuguese]

Author information

1
Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, MG, Brasil. dianenery@cardiol.br

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In the general population, regular practice of physical exercises is associated with improved physical capacity and reduction of cardiovascular events. Concerning patients with chronic kidney disease, a population with significant impairment of physical capacity and high rates of cardiovascular mortality, few studies have evaluated the effects of physical activity.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise during hemodialysis on the physical capacity and blood pressure of patients with chronic renal failure.

METHODS:

We evaluated 14 patients with chronic kidney disease under hemodialysis, before and after 12 weeks of aerobic exercise performed during hemodialysis sessions. Patients underwent ambulatory blood pressure monitoring for 24 hours, 6-minute walk test and cardiopulmonary exercise test before and after the exercise period.

RESULTS:

After the exercise, there was a significant increase in the distance walked during the 6-minute walk test from 509 +/- 91.9 m to 555 +/- 105.8 m, and a significant reduction in systolic blood pressure of 151 +/- 18.4 mmHg to 143 +/- 14.7 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure of 94 +/- 10.5 mmHg to 91 +/- 9.6 mmHg and average arterial pressure from 114 +/- 13.0 mmHg to 109 +/- 11.4 mmHg.

CONCLUSION:

Aerobic exercise conducted during hemodialysis sessions contributed to the improvement of physical capacity and control of hypertension in patients with chronic kidney disease.

PMID:
20428710
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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