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Environ Technol. 2010 Mar;31(3):295-305. doi: 10.1080/09593330903470677.

Cometabolic degradation and inhibition kinetics of 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) in suspended-growth nitrifying systems.

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Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Marmara, Kuyubasi, Istanbul, Turkey.


Cometabolic degradation of 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCA) and its inhibitory impact on nitrification were investigated by the use of a mixed suspended-growth culture enriched for nitrifiers. 1,2-DCA was found to be cometabolically degradable by the nitrifier culture. This degradation rate was found to be dependent on the initial 1,2-DCA level. The first-order 1,2-DCA degradation rate constants ranged between 0.42 and 0.87 L (g VSS)(-1) h(-1). Increase in NH4-N utilization favoured cometabolic degradation of 1,2-DCA. The amount of 1,2-DCA degraded per unit mass of NH4-N strongly correlated with initial NH4-N and 1,2-DCA concentrations, ranging between 50 mg L(-1) and 200 mg L(-1) and 1600 microg L(-1) and 100,000 microg L(-1), respectively. The presence of 1,2-DCA caused inhibition of oxygen uptake and NH4-N utilization. In spite of the adverse effect of 1,2-DCA on the nitrifying biomass, the system had a high capacity for cometabolic removal of this compound even at inhibitory concentrations. 1,2-DCA had mainly mixed inhibitor characteristics, but at low concentrations (< 25,000 microg/L) it acted rather as a competitive inhibitor. The inhibition constants belonging to 1,2-DCA, K(ic) (the dissociation constant of the enzyme-inhibitory compound complex) and K(iu) (the dissociation constant of the enzyme-substrate-inhibitory compound complex) were determined to be 6000-8000 microg L(-1) and 188,000-200,000 microg L(-1), respectively.

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