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J Adv Nurs. 2010 Apr;66(4):828-38. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2009.05243.x.

Self-efficacy, self-care behaviours and quality of life of kidney transplant recipients.

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1
School of Nursing, Chang Gung University, Taiwan. ax2488@mail.cgu.edu.tw

Abstract

AIM:

This paper is a report of an exploration of the effects of self-efficacy and different dimensions of self-management on quality of life among kidney transplant recipients.

BACKGROUND:

Self-efficacy is an important factor influencing self-management. Patients with higher self-efficacy have better self-management and experience better quality of life. Self-efficacy influences the long-term medication-taking behaviour of kidney transplant recipients.

METHOD:

A longitudinal, correlational design was used. Data were collected during 2005-2006 with 150 adult kidney transplant recipients on self-efficacy, self-management and quality of life using a self-efficacy scale, self-management scale and the Medical Outcomes Scale SF-36 (Chinese), respectively. Relationships among variables were analysed by path analysis.

RESULTS:

Participants with higher self-efficacy scored significantly higher on the problem-solving (beta = 0.51), patient-provider partnership (beta = 0.44) and self-care behaviour (beta = 0.55) dimensions of self-management. Self-efficacy directly influenced self-care behaviour and indirectly affected the mental health component of quality of life (total effect = 0.14). Problem-solving and partnership did not statistically significantly affect quality of life. Neither self-efficacy nor self-management had any effect on the physical health component of quality of life.

CONCLUSION:

Transplant care teams should incorporate strategies that enhance self-efficacy, as proposed by social cognitive theory, into their care programmes for kidney transplant recipients. Interventions to maintain and improve patients' self-care behaviour should continue to be emphasized and facilitated. Support to enhance patients' problem-solving skills and the partnership of patients with health professionals is needed.

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