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Expert Rev Neurother. 2010 May;10(5):775-89. doi: 10.1586/ern.10.37.

Opioids in chronic noncancer pain.

Author information

1
Pain Management Center of Paducah, Paducah, KY 42003, USA. drm@asipp.org

Abstract

Chronic noncancer pain is highly prevalent with associated negative effects on function and quality of life of the individuals involved. Opioids have been shown to decrease pain and improve function in some patients with chronic noncancer pain, but they are not always effective and are associated with multiple complications, including drug misuse, abuse and diversion. Furthermore, the effectiveness of opioids in decreasing pain and improving function has not been proven conclusively, resulting in continued uncertainty about long-term benefits of opioids for chronic noncancer pain. Ideally, in modern medicine, clinical decisions are made based on information derived from high quality evidence. Since no such evidence exists for chronic opioid therapy in chronic noncancer pain, this review describes various aspects of opioid therapy in chronic noncancer pain, including adherence monitoring, along with a ten-step process outlining the principles of effective and safe opioid use.

PMID:
20420496
DOI:
10.1586/ern.10.37
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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