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Phytochemistry. 2010 Jun;71(8-9):853-9. doi: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2010.03.022. Epub 2010 Apr 22.

Redox regulation of chlorophyll biosynthesis.

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VKR Research Centre Pro-Active Plants, Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.


Chlorophyll captures and redirects light-energy and is thus essential for photosynthetic organisms. The demand for chlorophyll differs throughout the day and night and in response to changing light conditions. Moreover, the chlorophyll biosynthesis pathway is up to certain points shared between the different tetrapyrroles; chlorophyll, heme, siroheme and phytochromobilin, for which the cell has different requirements at different time points. Combined with the phototoxic properties of tetrapyrroles which, if not properly protected, can lead to formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the need for a strict regulation of the chlorophyll biosynthetic pathway is obvious. Here we describe the current knowledge on regulation of chlorophyll biosynthesis in plants by the chloroplast redox state with emphasis on the Mg-chelatase situated at the branch point between the heme and the chlorophyll pathway. We discuss the proposed role of the Mg-chelatase as a key regulator of the tetrapyrrole pathway by its effect on enzymes both up- and downstream in the pathway and we specifically describe how redox state might regulate the Mg-branch. Finally, we propose that a recently identified NADPH-dependent thioredoxin reductase (NTRC) could be involved in redox regulation or protection of chlorophyll biosynthetic enzymes and describe the possible modes of action by this enzyme.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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